Magnetic Component Engineering

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Shipping Magnets by Air and Charges that Apply


Magnets are considered to be a dangerous goods article for shipments outside the Continental United States (International Destinations). For Domestic Destinations, magnets have been deregulated; however, the packaging requirements are mandated and strictly enforced.

MCE follows the IATA Dangerous Goods Regulations to comply with the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) and the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) requirements for shipping magnets by air.  FAA regulations require that when you develop your training program you should use the latest version of the Adivsory Circular (AC 121-27) information guide for training programs and manual requirements in the air transportation of hazardous materials.  For additional information see, FAA Order 8900.1, Volume 2, Chapter 2, Section 6.

In addition to the above requirements, the U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT) Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration (PHMSA) amended  the Hazardous Materials Regulations (HMR) and amendments to the Federal Hazardous Materials Transportation Law that now requires the DOT to regulate the training of all hazardous materials (Hazmat) employees, and in addition increase security awareness through this program.  These training requirements are very important and Hazmat employees MUST have these training requirements met and must be current on their training! The training requirements are part of the Code of Federal Regulations Title 49 and are available at the link given above.

There are numerous regulations and requirements that need to be met for shipping magnets by air.  The training programs are extensive and records must be maintained in a format that is acceptable to PHMSA, FAA, ICAO, IATA, and the DOT.

The costs of maintaining these programs within our organization is fairly costly.  To offset these costs MCE has initiated a charge for shipping magnets by air.  These charges are given below as they are different for Domestic Destinations, International Destinations and Overseas Destinations.

Domestic Shipments

To ship magnets by air, the following must be followed:

  1. Classification: Understand the classification and definition of "Magnetized Material" as given by the FAA or IATA. As of 2003, this was "Any material which, when packed for air transport, has a magnetic field strength of 0.159 A/m (0.002 Gauss) or more at a distance of 2.1 m (7 ft) from any point on the surface of the assembled package."
  2. Packing Instructions 902: You must be familiar with the packing instructions for dangerous goods section 902. According to this, Magnetized materials will be accepted only when:

(a)  devices such as magnetrons and light meters have been packed so that the polarities of the individual units oppose one another;
(b) permanent magnets, where possible, have keeper bars installed;
(c)  (1) does not exceed 0.418 A/m (0.00525 gauss), or
(c)  (2) produces a magnetic compass deflection of 2 degrees or less.

  1. Federal Aviation Regulations require that the employees packaging ANY dangerous goods articles, including magnets, are trained to package the dangerous goods articles. Training records must be maintained. Additionally, objective evidence is required to ascertain the effectiveness of training. Organizations such as the Dangerous Goods Advisory Council  offer training.
  2. The FAA imposes strict penalties for violations. The regulations were updated in 2004 to more strict standards that require packages to have a special sticker that certifies that you have found the package to be air eligible. MCE adopted the 2004 standards prior to it's release so as to make this transition smooth and stay in compliance.
  3. PHMSA has its own regulations that must be followed, along with a Hazmat Training Program, Recurrent Training, Testing, and Records Keeping for ALL employees that handle Hazmat in any way, or may have access to Hazmat that an organization ships.

International Shipments

Magnets being shipped on an international flight MUST BE DECLARED AS A DANGEROUS GOODS ARTICLE (Dangerous goods declaration form must accompany the package).

Check the regulations to determine if the airport that receives the shipment considers magnets acceptable, as some airports do NOT allow magnets to be shipped in.

The boxes must be checked for total field emission after being packaged. If the field exceeds 0.002 gauss at 7 feet from the package (rotated 360° in both planes), follow packaging instructions 902 in the IATA Dangerous Goods Regulation. If the total field emission exceeds 0.00525 gauss at 15 feet from the package in any plane, the package cannot be accepted for air shipment. If the 0.00525 gauss requirement is met (the magnetic field emission is less than 0.00525 in any plane), you can ship the package by air on an international flight PROVIDED you fill the Dangerous Goods Declaration Form, and label the package appropriately. The package(s) must have the "Handling Label for Class 9 - Magnetized Material" label affixed on them.

Refer to the IATA Dangerous Goods Regulations publication (you can get a copy of this from your freight carrier or order this from IATA directly).

Charges assessed by MCE for Shipping Hazmat by Air

(These charges do not include the carrier charges; this is only the charges that MCE charges to prepare a Hazmat shipment for Air)

Destination Minimum Charge (For Package Weight Below 10 lbs) Weight Charge (applies to any package that is 10 lbs or heavier) Notes
Domestic $500.00 $5.00 per pound, rounded upwards. Continental United States
International $500.00 $7.00 per pound, rounded upwards. All US destinations that are NOT Continental United States, Canada and Mexico
Overseas $750.00 $7.00 per pound, rounded upwards. All Destinations that are outside of North America and not part of the United States.
Special $750.00 $10.00 per pound, rounded upwards. Destination Airports that DO NOT ACCEPT HAZMAT.

Important:

  1. The regulations stated are provided for reference purposes only, MCE does not provide any guarantee or warranty on this information being entirely correct, all explanations provided are as best understood by MCE.  Other regulations may apply or may have changed since this article was last revised.
  2. The air shipment charges apply to all customers for all magnetized products shipped by air regardless of if the shipment is sent collect or pre-paid and added to the invoice.  These charges are for compliance purposes.

Rev 3.0 03/08/2010